Jesus Christ is a religious leader whose life and teachings are wrote down in the Bible's New Testament. He is a central figure in Christianity and believed to be the incarnation of God by Christians all over the world. The four canonical gospels from the New Testament Bible written by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are the primary sources of information for the narrative of the life of Jesus Christ. These gospels are not biographies as we know them but rather stories written with allegorical intent. Their goal was not to tell about the life of Jesus Crist but to engender faith in Jesus as the Messiah and the incarnation of God, who taught people, suffered, and died for their sins. His teachings, recorded in the Bible’s New Testament, are an example for anyone who wants to lead a more spiritual life.
Because the New Testament is more a theological document than a biography, we don’t know much about the childhood of Jesus Christ. He was born circa 4 B.C. in Bethlehem. His mother Mary was a virgin who was engaged to a carpenter named Joseph. Christians believe that Jesus Christ was born through Immaculate Conception. According to the Gospel of Matthew (2:1), Jesus was born during the reign of Herod the Great who was afraid when heard about his birth and decided to kill Jesus by ordering to kill all male children in Bethlehem who were under age two. But Jesus was saved, because Joseph was warned by an angel and took Mary and the child to Egypt. They stayed there until Herod’s death, and only then moved back and settled in the town of Nazareth, in Galilee.
There are only a few facts about his early years. In the Gospel of Luke (2:41-52), there is a story about 12-year-old Jesus who went with his parents on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and became separated. He was found a few days later in a temple, discussing important issues with some of Jerusalem’s elders. In the New testament, there is also a trace reference of Jesus working as a carpenter. It is believed that he began his ministry at age 33 when he was baptized by John the Baptist, who declared him the Son of God as soon as he saw him.
After baptism, Jesus went into the desert and meditated there for 40 days and nights. The Temptation of Christ is described in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke (also known as the Synoptic Gospels). The Devil appeared and tempted Jesus three times. First, he promised to turn stone to bread, then to cast himself off a mountain where angels would save him, and finally offered him all the kingdoms of the world. Jesus resisted the Devil's temptation all three times and at the end sent him off.
During his ministry, he did a lot of notable things. According to the Gospel of John (2:1-11), the first sign of Jesus's glory and was when he turned the water into a wine of high quality during the wedding at Cana in Galilee. He also traveled a lot through Judea and Galilee, using parables and miracles to show how the prophecies were being fulfilled and that the kingdom of God was near. As word spread about his teaching and ability to heal the sick, a lot of people started to follow him. The week before the holiday of Passover, Jesus arrived in Jerusalem. A lot of people greeted him and praised him as the Son of God. The chief priests were worried and decided that it must be stopped. They met with high priest Caiaphas and planned how to arrest Jesus. One of the disciples, Judas, met with the chief priests and told them that he can deliver Jesus to them for 30 pieces of silver.
Jesus was betrayed by Judas and arrested during the Passover meal also known as the last supper. He was then taken to the court where he was mocked, beaten and condemned for claiming to be the Son of God and the king of the Jews. The Roman soldiers whipped and beat Jesus, put a crown of thorns on his head and then led him off to Mount Calvary. The Gospels describe how Jesus was crucified with two thieves, taunted by the soldiers and the crowd. While he was on the cross, the sky darkened, and immediately upon his death, an earthquake erupted. At the end, he was taken down from the cross and buried in a tomb nearby.
However, it’s not the end of the story. Three days after the crucifixion, this tomb was found empty. Jesus had risen from the dead and appeared first to one of his disciples Mary Magdalene and then to his mother. They both told other disciples about it and later, Jesus appeared to all of them telling that they shouldn’t be afraid. He also told them to go into the world and preach the gospel to all people. After 40 days, Jesus led his disciples to Mount Olivet to speak his final words saying that they would receive the power of the Holy Spirit, before he was taken upward on a cloud and rose into heaven.